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您所在的位置: 南京文都考研 > 考研信息 > 报考信息 > 2023考研英语同源外刊12月文章:宁德时代究竟有多强?

2023考研英语同源外刊12月文章:宁德时代究竟有多强?

距2021年考研倒计时

2023考研英语同源外刊12月文章:宁德时代究竟有多强?

英语考研的备考,必须学生很多阅读文章外刊文章内容。由于阅读和理解考试真题里边的文章内容,大多数喜爱用外刊。因而,要想扩宽英文知识层面和改进外语水平,大家必须培养每日抽一点時间来说的习惯性!下面,我为众多2023研究生考试学生们得出-英语考研同宗外刊12月文章内容:宁德时代到底多强?供学生阅读文章。

2023英语考研同宗外刊12月文章内容:宁德时代到底多强?

In America, if you want to dominate an industry, you channel your inner Elon Musk and shout about it. But CATL, the Chinese company that makes batteries for some of Mr Musk’s Tesla electric vehicles (EVs), is different. When your columnist first contacted it in 2017, the brush-off was swift.

在国外,假如你要主宰者一个领域,你也就得激发自身内心深处的埃隆马斯克·马斯克并高声怒吼。但为埃隆马斯克的一部分特斯拉电动车辆供货电池的中国企业宁德时代则不一样。当小编在2017年第一次与该企业建立联系时,另一方立即拒绝了大家的访谈。

“We want to concentrate on our products only and do not accept any interviews at present.” These days it is only marginally less blunt. “Unfortunately, we are sorry that it’s hard for us to arrange [interviews] at the moment.” The temptation is to give it a dose of its own medicine and ignore it.

“大家只想要致力于人们的商品,现阶段不接纳一切访谈。”现如今,该公司的心态沒有以往那麼生涩了,但也仅仅略微缓解。“抱歉,现阶段恕难分配(访谈)。”真的是令人要想以眼还眼,再也不与之联络。

And yet in 2017 the firm, founded only six years earlier as Contemporary Amperex Technology Ltd, vaulted from being the world’s third-largest battery-maker to its biggest.

殊不知,在2017年,创立只是6年的宁德时代从全球第三大电池制造商一跃变成世界比较大的电池制造商。

It has since reached a market value of 1.3trn yuan ($200bn), more than the second, third and fourth producers—South Korea’s LG Chem, Japan’s Panasonic, and China’s BYD—combined. In recent days its rising share price has made its 53-year-old founder, Zeng Yuqun, richer than Jack Ma, a much-better-known Chinese tech baron.

自那以后,该公司的总市值持续飙升,现阶段已达1.3万亿元RMB(折合2000亿美金),超出了位居第二、第三和第四的电池制造商韩 LG 有机化学、日本康佳和中国比亚迪汽车的总数。近日,伴随着股票价格的持续增涨,今年已经53岁的创办人曾毓群的身价烟超出了更***的中国高新科技巨亨马云爸爸。

Mr Zeng created it in the backwater of Ningde, a subtropical city better known for tea than tech, in Fujian province where he grew up in a hillside village. But he has long had high ambitions. In 1999 he founded Amperex Technology Ltd (ATL), a maker of lithium-ion batteries for portable devices, which he sold to TDK, a Japanese firm, in 2005. One of his big clients was Apple, maker of the iPhone.

曾毓群在福建省的小山村成长,在山高路险宁德市(一座亚热带气候大城市,以茶而不是高新科技出名)创立了这个企业。但他一直心存理想化。1999年,他开创了新能源科技有限责任公司,一家生产制造便携式设备用磷酸铁锂电池的企业,并于2005年将该公司卖给了日本 TDK 企业。那时候,他的客户之一就是 iPhone 手机上的制造商美国苹果公司。

Seeing the potential for EV batteries, which China was keen to turn into a strategic industry, Mr Zeng led a spin off from ATL in 2011, severing links with its Japanese parent company—possibly to please the Chinese authorities, says Mark Newman, a battery executive who formerly covered the company as an investment analyst.

中国正勤奋将驱动力电池打造出为一个发展战略产业链,曾毓群看到了在其中的发展潜力,他在2011年将该项目从 ATL 脱离出去,断开了与日本总公司的联络,曾出任该企业投资分析师的电池领域管理层马可·纽曼表明,这一举动也许也是为了更好地取悦政府。

When it listed in 2018, CATL had a small percentage of direct and indirect state ownership. More important, the government had its back. For years China used subsidies to favour domestically produced batteries for electric cars and buses, kneecapping South Korean competitors such as LG Chem and Samsung SDI.

宁德时代在2018年发售时,政府部门也根据立即和间接性方法拥有一小部分股权。更主要的是,政府部门是其坚实的后盾。很多年来,中国一直运用优惠政策对国产电动汽车和客车用电池给予适用,令 LG 有机化学和三星 SDI 等韩竞争者困难重重。

CATL, one of two top-tier Chinese producers, benefited most. The other, BYD, made cars as well as batteries. For that reason, many rival carmakers in China—including foreigners such as Tesla and BMW—gave it a wide berth and turned to Mr Zeng instead.

做为中国俩家***驱动力电池制造商之一的宁德时代获益比较大。另一家企业比亚迪汽车与此同时生产制造电池和新能源电动车。出自于这一缘故,很多在中国的竞争者汽车企业(包含特斯拉汽车和宝马五系等国外车辆制造商)对其避而远之,继而向曾毓群购置电池。

It is unfair, however, to ascribe CATL’s success purely to economic nationalism. According to James Frith of BloombergNEF, a consultancy, when CATL was faced with the winding down of subsidies in 2019, it quickly leapfrogged its South Korean rivals to produce the latest high-nickel batteries, which run for longer than the cheaper lithium-iron-phosphate ones that had been China’s staple.

殊不知,将宁德时代的取得成功彻底归功于经济发展民族主义者是不合理的。据彭博社新能源技术咨询管理公司的勒布朗詹姆斯·弗里思称,在2019年遭遇补助慢慢减小的问题时,宁德时代赶上了韩竞争者以前发布了近期的高镍电池,其续航时间要比中国那时候流行的价位更低的磷酸铁锂电池更长。

Chinese carmakers are bolder than their Western counterparts (apart from Tesla) in adopting innovative chemistry, he adds, which gives CATL more freedom to experiment. It also gets more for its investment in China than rivals do elsewhere and has a cheaper workforce, which makes its operating margins, just shy of 15%, the best in the business.

他填补道,中国车辆制造商在选用自主创新有机化学技术性层面比西方国家同行业(特斯拉汽车以外)更胆大,这给了宁德时代大量实验的机遇。对比竞争者在别的销售市场的长期投资,宁德时代在中国的投资收益也更高,并且还有着更便宜的人力资本,这导致其经营利润率做到了15%。

Strong profits provide more cash to invest in expansion. Neil Beveridge of Bernstein, an investment firm, expects its capacity roughly to quadruple to 500 gigawatt-hours (GWh) of battery cells a year by 2025. That is an amount similar to what is promised from all of the world’s gigafactories today.

强悍的盈利提高了大量的现钱用以项目投资扩大。伯恩斯坦投资管理公司的尼尔机械纪元·贝弗里奇预估,到2025年,宁德时代的电池生产能力将翻一番,做到每月500千兆瓦时。这等同于当今社会全部电池超级工厂预估生产能力的总数。

 

语汇:

stealthily [ˈstelθɪli] adv. 背地里

marginally [ˈmɑːrdʒɪnəli] adv. 稍微地;轻度地

backwater [ˈbækwɔːtər] n. 智能回水;浊水;停滞不前不出的情况或地区

综上所述是-2023英语考研同宗外刊12月文章内容:赣锋锂业到底多强?期待对复习2023研究生考试的小伙子们有一定的协助!恭祝学生2023研究生考试凯旋而归!


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