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您所在的位置: 南京文都考研 > 考研信息 > 考研时间 > 2023考研英语同源外刊1月文章:电动汽车像闪电一样来了?

2023考研英语同源外刊1月文章:电动汽车像闪电一样来了?

距2021年考研倒计时

2023考研英语同源外刊1月文章:电动汽车像闪电一样来了?

考研英语阅读的发展,离不了每日依照自身的時间,去看看一定量的英文报纸和杂志期刊。可是,有一些学生很有可能不清楚怎样找这种报刊和杂志期刊的內容。下边,我为2023研究生考试者们,梳理出——2023英语考研同源外刊1月文章内容:电动汽车像雷电一样来啦?供学生参照。

2023英语考研同源外刊1月文章内容:电动汽车像雷电一样来啦?

2022 may not quite be the year of the electric vehicle. But the road leading to a market dominated by clean-running EVs is looking more and more like it could become a superhighway.

2022年很有可能并不是电动汽车之时。但通向由绿色能源运作的电动汽车核心的市場的路面看上去愈来愈像一条高速路。

New sales figures showed that last year Toyota ended the 90-year run of General Motors as the top-selling vehicle maker in the United States. Yet the Japanese automaker has been among the least enthusiastic companies about converting to EVs.

新的销售数据表明,上年丰田汽车(Toyota)结束通用性汽车(General Motors)将近90年的做为美国热销汽车生产商的历史时间。殊不知,这个日本汽车生产商一直不是热衷转为电动汽车的企业之一。

Toyota has led the way in producing more-efficient gasoline-powered vehicles such as the Prius hybrid, the popular gas-powered compact with an electric motor assist. But it’s been less committed than its competitors to purely EV models.

丰田汽车在生产制造普锐斯(Prius)混动汽车——这也是一种颇受欢迎的汽油动力紧凑汽车,装有电机马达輔助设备——等能耗等级更高一些的汽油动力汽车层面处在领先水平。但与竞争者对比,它对纯电动汽车车系的资金投入较少。

Now Toyota has announced it will spend some $35 billion to develop and produce EVs. Volkswagen, for comparison, has already pledged $58.5 billion toward EVs. And even Toyota’s smaller Japanese rival Nissan will spend $17.7 billion.

如今丰田汽车早已公布将耗费350亿美金来开发设计和生产制造电动汽车。比较之下,大家汽车早已服务承诺向电动汽车资金投入585亿美金。即使是丰田汽车经营规模小的日本竞争者日产也将耗费177亿美金。

Tesla, of course, remains far and away the leader in EV production. It built and delivered nearly a million EVs in 2021, up a “jaw-dropping” 87% from 2020, as one Wall Street analyst put it.

自然,特斯拉汽车在电动汽车生产制造层面依然名列前茅。据美国华尔街一位投资分析师称,特斯拉汽车在2021年生产制造并交货了近100万台电动汽车,比2020年提高了87%,令人吃惊。

And that was without the $7,500-per-vehicle subsidy offered to EV buyers by the federal government. Both Tesla and GM have used up their allotted subsidies under the program.

这还不包含美国联邦政府向电动汽车消费者给予的每台7500美金的补助。特斯拉汽车和通用性汽车都早已用完后他们在该方案下分派到的补助。

In fact, perhaps the most encouraging news on EV sales in the U.S. is that they’re being driven largely by customer demand, not by government incentives. Unlike today’s tiny gas-sipping sedans, coming EVs run the gamut from pickup trucks to SUVs and sports cars. Fun and utility come first.

实际上,美国电动汽车销售量振奋人心的信息也许是,电动汽车的销售量主要是由用户要求促进的,而不是由政府部门的刺激性对策促进的。与现阶段的中小型油耗低小汽车不一样,将要发布的电动汽车包含了自小大货车到SUV和超级跑车的全范畴。快乐和实用是第一位。

Ford’s hottest new vehicle is the F-150 Lightning, an all-electric version of its popular pickup truck. More than 160,000 are on preorder with deliveries beginning this year.

福特受欢迎的新汽车是F-150 Lightning,它是其广受大家喜爱的货车的全电动式版。2021年逐渐,早已有超出16万台被订购交货。

“The F-150 is the most important franchise in our company,” Ford executive Kumar Galhotra told The New York Times. The truck can serve as a backup generator to power a house when its electricity is knocked out in a storm or to recharge other EVs.

福特的加尔霍特拉(Kumar Galhotra )告知《纽约时报》(The New York Times):“F-150是咱们企业较关键的专卖权。”这款货车可以做为预留发电机组,在狂风暴雨断开电力工程时为房子配电,或为别的电动汽车电池充电。

Rival GM introduces its all-electric pickup, the Chevy Silverado, this week.

竞争者通用性汽车这周发布了其全电动小货车雪弗兰 Silverado。

Ford’s sporty Mustang Mach-E crossover EV has been a lively seller, too. It’s even on order as a cruiser by the New York Police Department.

福特的时尚运动福特野马Mach-E跨界营销电动汽车也很热销。纽约警察乃至购买了它做为巡查巡逻车。

Globally, sales of EVs rose 168% in the first half of 2021, while general vehicle sales worldwide fell 16%, compared with the previous year. Much of that decline is attributed to a shortage of computer chips for the vehicles, not cautious buyers.

2021年上半年度,电动汽车的销售量同比增加168%,而全世界通用性汽车销售量同比下降16%。这一下降在较大水平上是因为汽车计算机芯片的紧缺,而不是因为慎重的顾客。

The big picture: The number of all EVs – cars, trucks, vans, and buses – on the road will increase from 10 million today to some 145 million by 2030, forecasts the International Energy Agency. If governments employ incentive programs, that could be much higher, the agency says.

整体状况:据国际能源署(International Energy Agency)预测分析,到2030年,全部电动汽车——小汽车、大货车、小货车和公共性汽车——的总数将从现在的1000万台提升到约1.45亿辆。国际能源署表明,假如政府部门执行激励计划,这一数据有可能会大很多。

Like many innovations, EVs will enter the market at the top, luxury and specialty vehicles, and work their way toward a mass customer base as costs drop. All the oft-repeated drawbacks – limited driving range, slow recharging, lack of public charging stations – look surmountable in coming years.

与很多自主创新一样,电动汽车将进到奢华和特殊汽车销售市场,而且伴随着成本费的降低,他们将向着有着很多顾客群的角度发展趋势。全部常常反复发生的缺陷——行车里程数比较有限、电池充电迟缓、欠缺公共性电动车充电站——看上去都能够在未来两年摆脱。

As EVs become more desired and trendy, even their resale value may turn into a selling point later this decade, in comparison to what might then be seen as old-fashioned fossil fuel-powered vehicles.

伴随着电动汽车越来越愈来愈受大家喜爱和时兴,乃至他们的转卖使用价值也将会在本世纪末变成一个产品卖点——与那时候很有可能会被视作旧式的不可再生资源驱动力汽车对比。

In the U.S., new government subsidies to buyers of EVs could still happen if some form of the Build Back Better bill passes. That would speed EV adoption. But the market is already signaling that EVs look more and more like vehicles of the future.

在国外,假如某类方式的“复建更强将来”(Build Back Better)法案得到根据,政府部门仍有可能向电动汽车顾客给予新的补助。这将加快电动汽车的普及。但销售市场早已发出信号,电动汽车看上去愈来愈像未来的汽车。

 

英语单词:

1.attribute: v. 把……归功于;觉得是……所作;认为……具备某类特性 n. 属性,特性;标示,代表;定语

2.chip: n. 炸薯片,炸薯片;集成ic;碎渣,碎屑;空缺,缺口;主力资金;撮球,切球;木板 v. 摆脱,弄缺;(尤指的是专用工具)削下,凿下;切割成细条条;撮球,勾球

3.commit: v. 犯(罪、错);调拔,资金投入;(使)服务承诺,先诉抗辩权;郑重承诺,忠诚;把……关入医院门诊(牢房),囚禁;口头传唤(别人)到人民法院受审;定亲,决策与(别人)维持长期性情感;把……交给

4.compact: adj. 中小型的,迷你的;紧密的;密切的,牢靠的;偏矮而健硕的;(演说,著作)简约的,简洁的 n. 带镜小粉盒;合同,协约;小型轿车;迷你物;坯块 v. 卡紧,夯实;减少,精减;签订(或签署)(协约)

5.delivery: n. 寄送,递送;寄送物;演说设计风格,演讲方法;孕妇分娩,生产制造;投篮方法 adj. 运输的

6.dominate: v. 执政,操纵;在……中占首要地位;俯瞰,耸立于;占较大优势

7.drawback: n. 缺陷,不利因素;进出口退税

8.efficient: adj. 起效的,高效率的;(人)有实力的,能担任的

9.executive: adj. 行政部门的,有执行权的;高端的,奢华的;供管理人员应用的;(相关)运营管理的,领导干部的 n. 负责人,主管;行政机关,实行联合会

10.federal: adj. 联邦政府(制)的;(与)美国联邦政府(相关的)的;中央集权式的;(美国内战阶段)北边美国联邦政府的 n. 联邦政府警探,美国联邦政府高官;(美国南北战争阶段)北边美国联邦政府拥护者 【名】 (federal)(英)费德勒尔(人名字)

11.fell: n. (尤指英国北边的)山(冈),丘陵地形,高沼地;采伐的木料总数;毛皮,生皮 v. 采伐;打倒;把(接缝处的边)缝平;掉下,坠落(fall 的过去时方式) adj. 凶狠的,暴虐的;和丘陵地形、小山坡相关的 【名】 (fell)(美、英、德、法)费尔(人名字)

12.fossil: n. 动物化石;思想保守的人;僵硬的事情 adj. 动物化石的,从地底开采出的;不会改变的,历史悠久的

13.gasoline: n. 车用汽油

14.generator: n. 发电机组;造成者;供电公司;母点,母线槽,母面

综上所述是得出的-2023英语考研同宗外刊1月文章内容:电动汽车像雷电一样来啦?期待对2023研究生考试者们,在英语学科的复习上边有一定的协助!恭祝2023研究生考试成功!

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