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您所在的位置: 南京文都考研 > 考研信息 > 考研时间 > 2023考研英语同源外刊1月文章:汤加海底火山爆发对世界有何影响?

2023考研英语同源外刊1月文章:汤加海底火山爆发对世界有何影响?

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2023考研英语同源外刊1月文章:汤加海底火山爆发对世界有何影响?

考研英语阅读的发展,离不了每日依照自身的時间,去看看一定量的英文报纸和杂志期刊。可是,有一些学生很有可能不清楚怎样找这种报刊和杂志期刊的內容。下边,我为2023研究生考试者们,梳理出——2023英语考研同源外刊1月文章内容:汤加深海火山爆发对全球有什么危害?供学生参照。

2023英语考研同源外刊1月文章内容:汤加深海火山爆发对全球有什么危害?

While residents of Tonga struggle to recover from a devastating volcanic explosion that smothered the Pacific island nation with ash and swamped it with water, scientists are trying to better understand the global effects of the eruption. They already know the answer to one crucial question: Although it appeared to be the largest eruption in the world in three decades, the explosion of the Hunga volcano on Saturday will very likely not have a temporary cooling effect on the global climate, as some past enormous eruptions have.

因为一场破坏性的火山爆发,本地住户们正勤奋从被山灰包裹在和水灾吞没的汤加岛中恢复正常,此外,专家正在尝试能够更好地掌握此次火山爆发对全世界的危害。她们早已了解一个至关重要的问题的回答:虽然周六的洪阿火山爆发好像是30年以来全世界比较大的一次,但它很可能不容易像以往的一些大中型火山爆发那般,对全球气候变化造成临时的减温效用。

But in the aftermath of the event, there may be short-term effects on weather in parts of the world and possibly minor disruptions in radio transmissions, including those used by global positioning systems. The shock wave produced by the explosion, as well as the unusual nature of the tsunamis it generated, will have scientists studying the event for years. Tsunamis were detected not just in the Pacific, but in the Atlantic, Caribbean and Mediterranean as well.

爆发造成的震波,及其它所引起海啸的不寻常特性将使专家对这一事情开展很多年的科学研究。不但在中国太平洋,在北大西洋、亚得里亚海和波罗的海也看到了海啸。

The explosion of the underwater volcano, which is formally known as Hunga Tonga-Hunga-Haʻapai, rained hazardous ash over the region, including the Tongan capital, Nuku’alofa, about 40 miles south. The capital also experienced a four-foot tsunami and higher wave heights were reported elsewhere.

这座水中火山的真正名字为洪阿汤加·洪阿哈阿帕伊,它的爆发给该地域产生了很多风险的火山灰,包含坐落于该地域南面约64千米的汤加北京首都努库阿洛法。这座大城市还经历了1.2米的海啸,据报道,别的方面的大海要更高。

The government called the eruption an “unprecedented disaster,” although the full scope of the damage has been difficult to determine because the explosion severed undersea telecommunications cables and ash has forced Tonga’s airports to shut down. Beyond Tonga, though, the enormity of the explosion was readily apparent. Satellite photos showed a cloud of dirt, rock,volcanic gases and water vapor several hundred miles in diameter, and a narrower plume of gas and debris soared nearly 20 miles into the atmosphere.

政府部门称此次火山爆发是“***的灾祸”,虽然现阶段还无法充足明确损害的明显水平,由于爆发断开了深海通讯电缆,火山灰驱使汤加机场关闭。殊不知,在汤加以外,此次爆发的破坏力是显然的。通讯卫星相片表明,爆发产生了尘土、岩层、火山汽体和水蒸汽构成的云团,直徑达数百公里,也有一团较小的废气和残片冲入地球大气层约30千米。

Volcanoes can cause tsunamis as well. In this case, the underwater blast, and the collapse of the volcano’s crater, may have caused the displacement. Or one flank of the volcano may have become unstable and collapsed, with the same result. But that would only account for the local tsunami that inundated Tonga, scientists said. Ordinarily, said Gerard Fryer, an affiliate researcher at the University of Hawaii at Manoa who formerly worked at the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center, “you’d expect that energy to decayaway with distance.”

火山也会引起海啸。在这样的情况下,水中发生爆炸和火山口的塌陷很有可能造成了偏移。或是火山的一侧很有可能越来越不稳定并塌陷,都是会引起海啸。但生物学家说,这只有用于表述吞没汤加的本地海啸。夏威夷大学马法里德校区附设组织研究者、曾在中国太平洋海啸预警信息中心工作的杰拉德·弗莱尔说,一般情况下,“你能觉得这类动能会伴随着间距的提高而变弱。”

 

语汇:

1.smother

英 [ˈsmʌðə(r)]美 [ˈsmʌðər]

vt.室息;抹杀;憋死;憋住;抑止;(用某事)厚厚的地遮盖;(因娇惯等)使…感觉压抑感;把(火)闷熄

n.劝阻;室息物;窒息情况;大雾

2.tsunami

英 [tsuːˈnɑːmi]美 [tsuːˈnɑːmi]

n.海啸;海震

3.hazardous

英[ˈhæzədəs]美 [ˈhæzərdəs]

adj.风险的;有危害的

综上所述是得出的-2023英语考研同源外刊1月文章内容:汤加深海火山爆发对全球有什么危害?期待对2023研究生考试者们,在英语学科的复习上边有一定的协助!恭祝2023研究生考试成功!

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