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您所在的位置: 南京文都考研 > 考研专业知识 > 考研英语 > 2023英语考研同源外刊12月文章内容:美国成全世界比较大垃圾制造国

2023英语考研同源外刊12月文章内容:美国成全世界比较大垃圾制造国

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2023英语考研同源外刊12月文章内容:美国成全世界比较大垃圾制造国

英语考研的备考,必须学生很多阅读文章外刊文章内容。由于阅读和理解考试真题里边的文章内容,大多数喜爱用外刊。因而,要想扩宽英文知识层面和改进外语水平,大家必须培养每日抽一点時间来说的习惯性!下面,我为众多2023研究生考试学生们得出-英语考研同源外刊12月文章内容:美国成全世界比较大垃圾制造国,供学生阅读文章。

2023英语考研同源外刊12月文章内容:美国成全世界比较大垃圾制造国

The US is the world’s biggest culprit in generating plastic waste and the country urgently needs a new strategy to curb the vast amount of plastic that ends up in the oceans, a new report submitted to the federal government has found.

一份较新递交给美国美国联邦政府的汇报发觉,美国是全世界比较大的塑料垃圾制造国,所在国急需解决制订一项新的发展战略以抵制注入深海的很多塑料垃圾。

The advent of cheap, versatile plastics has created “a global scale deluge of plastic waste seemingly everywhere we look”, the report states, with the US a leading contributor of disposable plastics that ends up entangling and choking marine life, harming ecosystems and bringing harmful pollution up through the food chain.

汇报强调,便宜而又主要用途普遍的塑胶的发生造成塑料垃圾在全世界范畴内的泛滥成灾,大家几乎到处能够看见它的存有。美国是一次性塑料的关键制造国,这种垃圾造成海洋动物被盘绕乃至室息,伤害生态体系,并使有危害的环境污染经食物网传送。

Plastic waste has increased sharply in the US since 1960, with the country now generating about 42m metric tons of plastic waste a year, amounting to about 130kg of waste for every person in America. This total is more than all European Union member countries combined. The overall amount of municipal waste created in the US is also two to eight times greater than comparable countries around the world, the report found.

自上世纪60时代至今,美国的塑料垃圾大幅度提升,现如今美国的塑料垃圾年制造量约为4200万吨级(等同于均值每一个美国人一年制造130kg塑料垃圾),这一垃圾制造成交量放大所有欧盟国家的总数还需要多。汇报还称,美国制造的大城市垃圾总产量也是其他国家的2至8倍。

Recycling infrastructure has failed to keep pace with the huge growth in American plastic production. Littering, dumping and inefficient waste disposal in landfills has caused up to 2.2m tons of plastic – including everything from plastic bottles and straws to packaging – to “leak” into the environment each year. The total waste may be even greater than this due to data gaps in tracking it. Much of this plastic ends up, via rivers and streams, in the world’s oceans.

美国的收购基础设施建设无法紧跟美国塑料垃圾制造量的极大提高。乱扔垃圾、垃圾乱倒及其垃圾垃圾处理场的低效能造成每一年高达220万吨级的塑料垃圾(包含塑胶瓶、塑料吸管和包裝)“泄露”到自然环境中。因为数据信息跟踪存有疏忽,具体垃圾外泄量很有可能比这还需要多。绝大多数外泄的塑料垃圾最后经过河流汇到深海中。

Worldwide, at least 8.8m tons of plastic waste enters the marine environment each year, the equivalent of dumping a garbage truck filled with plastic into the ocean every single minute. If current trends continue, scientists have estimated this total could leap to 53m tons annually by 2030, which is roughly half of the weight of all fish caught from the oceans globally each year.

全球每一年最少有880万吨级塑料垃圾注入深海,等同于每分就会有满满的一货车的塑料垃圾乱倒至深海。生物学家可能,假如持续保持这个发展趋势,到2030年,注入深海的塑料垃圾将跃居至每一年5300万吨级,这大概等同于全世界每一年从深海捕获的全部鱼种净重的一半。

“Plastic waste is an environmental and social crisis that the US needs to affirmatively address from source to sea,” said Margaret Spring, chief conservation and science officer at Monterey Bay Aquarium.

蒙特利湾海洋世界的总裁环境保护科学合理官玛格丽特·斯普林说:“塑料垃圾是一场自然环境和社会发展困境,美国必须从根源到深海积极地去处理它。”

The committee’s report recommends that a new national strategy is required by the end of next year to stem the flow of plastics into the ocean. The strategy, the report states, should aim to slash plastic production, particularly for plastics not reusable or recyclable, help promote alternative materials that can be reused and set better standards for waste collection and capture.

汇报提议,美国应在今年年末以前制订一项新的战略,以阻拦塑料垃圾注入深海。汇报强调,该发展战略的总体目标应该是减少塑胶生产制造(尤其是不能多次重复使用或收购的塑胶),协助营销推广可循环使用的代替原材料,并为垃圾搜集和捕捞制订大量的规范。

The US, along with many other developed countries, used to outsource its waste problem by shipping plastics to China but these imports were halted by the Chinese in 2018. This has led to an increase in plastic waste sent to other countries, such as Vietnam and Thailand, as well as “recycled” plastic being burned in domestic landfills unable to cope with the sheer volume of waste.

以往,美国和别的很多资本主义国家都将垃圾问题迁移给我国(把塑料垃圾运到我国),但中国自2018年起终止了垃圾进口的。因此这种我国逐渐将很多的塑料垃圾运到越南地区和泰国的等其他国家,或者将“收购的”乏力解决的大量塑料垃圾送至中国的垃圾垃圾处理场焚烧处理。

“There is an urgency to the issue because production is increasing, waste generation is increasing and therefore leakage impacts have the potential to increase too,” said Jenna Jambeck, a member of the scientific committee behind the report.

编写该汇报的科委会组员詹娜·詹贝克说:“这个问题十分紧急,由于塑胶的制造量一直在提升,垃圾的制造量也在增加,因而垃圾泄露对自然环境的危害也会更重。”

 

语汇:

deluge [ˈdeljuːdʒ] n. 水灾;大暴雨 v. 吞没;纷涌

culprit [ˈkʌlprɪt] n. 犯罪分子;罪犯;问题的诱因

entangle [ɪnˈtæŋɡl] v. 缠上;使纠缠不清;使陷入绝境

综上所述是-2023英语考研同源外刊12月文章内容:美国成全世界比较大垃圾制造国,期待对复习2023研究生考试的小伙子们有一定的协助!恭祝学生2023研究生考试凯旋而归!


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