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您所在的位置: 南京文都考研 > 考研专业知识 > 考研英语 > 2023考研英语同源外刊1月文章:CEO的薪水值吗?

2023考研英语同源外刊1月文章:CEO的薪水值吗?

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2023考研英语同源外刊1月文章:CEO的薪水值吗?

考研英语阅读的发展,离不了每日依照自身的時间,去看看一定量的英文报纸和杂志期刊。可是,有一些学生很有可能不清楚怎样找这种报刊和杂志期刊的內容。下边,我为2023研究生考试者们,梳理出——2023英语考研同宗外刊1月文章内容:CEO的工资值吗?供学生参照。

2023英语考研同宗外刊1月文章内容:CEO的工资值吗?

Almost 50 years ago, the American philosopher John Rawls published a celebrated account of what fairness looks like in a liberal democracy. Though scrupulous in its safeguarding of individual freedoms, Rawls’s groundbreaking A Theory of Justice incorporated an important rider. His so-called “difference principle” stipulated that resulting inequalities were justified only if they benefited the least well-off in society.

大概50年以前,英国思想家罗尔斯(John Rawls)发布了一篇知名的文章内容,论述了自由民主我国的公平公正是什么样子的。罗尔斯开拓性的《正义论》尽管慎重地保卫了个人随意,但却包括了一个主要的额外条文。他说白了的“区别标准”要求,从而造成的不公平仅有在使社會上最不富有的人获益的情形下才算是有效的。

It is doubtful that Rawls would have judged the pay of Tim Steiner, the chief executive of Ocado, to fall into this category. A report by the High Pay Centre thinktank has revealed that Mr Steiner last year earned £58.7m. This astonishing rate of remuneration is 2,605 times the average wage of one of his employees, which stands at £22,500. Put another way, 24 hours of Mr Steiner’s time is allegedly worth about 10 years of toil from an average Ocado worker.

罗尔斯是不是会将Ocado首席执行官斯坦纳(Tim Steiner)的薪酬归到这一类,这一点非常值得猜疑。中国智库“工资核心”(High Pay Centre)的一份结果报告显示,斯坦纳上年的收益为5870万。这一令人震惊的薪酬率是他的一名员工职工平均工资(2.25万)的2605倍。换句话说,斯坦纳24个小时的時间据悉等同于一个一般Ocado职工10年的辛勤工作。

The Covid pandemic has, of course, been a boom time for digital businesses. An online grocery delivery company, Ocado has profited hugely from an accelerated shift to internet shopping. This came on top of years of steady growth. No doubt, Mr Steiner’s talents and judgment have played a part in this success story. It is, however, equally certain that he has simply ridden the good fortune of having a top job in the right sector at the right time. In a fair society, no slice of luck should ever be worth this much.

自然,新冠肺炎肺炎疫情是数据公司的兴盛阶段。做为一家线上产品配送公司,Ocado从加快向网上购物的变化中得到了很大的盈利。这也是在很多年持续增长的根基上获得的。不容置疑,斯坦纳的才能和判断能力在这个成功故事中激发了一定功效。殊不知,一样可以毫无疑问的是,他就是好运气,在适合的时间段在适合的领域出任了一个岗位。在一个公平公正的时代里,一切运势也不应当值那么多的钱。

The High Pay Centre’s analysis reveals that the biggest pay gaps in the British economy are found in retail, where the CEO/employee ratio is 140:1. But the figures reflect more broadly an explosion in executive pay over recent decades. In the UK’s 100 biggest stock market-listed companies, chief executives pocket 73 times the amount paid to workers on average. Forty years ago, the ratio was 18:1. Since the financial crash, this shameless self-enrichment by the wealthiest in society has taken place as average wages have stagnated and, in many cases, fallen in real terms.

工资核心的解析表明,美国的经济中薪酬差别比较大的是零售业,首席执行官与职工的薪酬占比为140:1。但这种数据更普遍地体现了近几十年来管理人员薪酬的爆发式提高。在法国100家比较大的上市企业中,首席执行官的薪酬是职工均值薪酬的73倍。40年以前,这一占比是18:1。自金融风暴至今,伴随着职工平均工资止步不前,并且在很多情形下,具体职工平均工资有一定的降低,社会发展上较颇具的人们在厚颜无耻地自身发家致富。

Most recently, of course, Covid-19 has tipped millions into economic crisis. The details of Mr Steiner’s pay were disclosed on the same day that it emerged that 800,000 people have lost their jobs as a result of the pandemic. As the working poor resort to food banks in ever larger numbers, Unicef has launched an emergency response in Britain for the first time. The UN aid agency will channel over £700,000 to food insecure households across the country.

自然,最近,新冠肺炎肺炎疫情让上百万人深陷了金融危机。在斯坦纳薪酬关键点被公布的同一天,有***消息称80数万人因肺炎疫情失去工作中。伴随着愈来愈多的贫穷职工有求于食材金融机构,联合国儿童基金会(Unicef)初次在法国进行应急回应。该联合国组织支援组织将向国内各地缺乏食物确保的家中给予70多万英镑的资产。

This gulf between the top and bottom of our society is not inevitable. It is immoral. Last spring, it was generally recognised that delivery drivers, along with care workers, supermarket staff and refuse collectors, were crucial to the nation’s wellbeing, but poorly paid. The public mood – expressed in those Thursday night rounds of applause – suggested there was a desire that something should eventually be done about this.

大家社会发展顶层和最底层中间的差距并不是难以避免。这也是不负责任的。上年春季,大家广泛认知到,送货司机及其护理员、商场职工和垃圾清运工对我国的福址尤为重要,但她们的薪水甚少。群众的心态——在周四夜里的欢呼声中呈现出去——表明,大家期待对于此事采用一些对策。

It is therefore depressing, at this year’s end, to note that while Ocado van drivers were merely earning plaudits, their CEO was sitting on the more tangible reward of £58.7m. The notion of regulating the pay ratio between chief executives and employees has been mooted in the past. If a better, more cohesive Britain is to emerge post-Covid, it urgently needs to be revisited.

因而,让人压抑的是,在今年底,当Ocado货运司机只是获得欢呼时,她们的首席执行官却坐享5870万这一更加具体的酬劳。管控首席执行官和员工中间的薪酬占比的理念过去曾被明确提出过。假如想在新冠肺炎肺炎疫情后发生一个更强、更有团队的凝聚力的法国,就急需解决再次思考这一定义。

 

英语单词:

1、scrupulous [ˈskruːpjələs] adj. 仔细的;谨小慎微的;一丝不苟的

2、toil [tɔɪl] v. 埋头苦干,辛勤工作;艰辛地走动;(使)过度劳累;费劲地做 n. 苦力;疲劳;难题;网

3、stagnate [ˈstæɡneɪt] vi. 停滞不前;堵塞;变低迷 vt. 使堵塞;使沉滞;使低迷

4、resort [rɪˈzɔːrt] n. 凭着,方式;旅游胜地;常去的地方 vi. 寻求帮助,诉诸于;常去;采用某方式或方法

5、plaudit [ˈplɔːdɪt] n. 欢呼;赞扬

6、moot [muːt] adj. 无现实意义的;未决定的 vt. 明确提出……供探讨 n. 交流会;辨论;假定案子

综上所述是得出的-2023考研英语同源外刊1月文章:CEO的工资值吗?期待对2023研究生考试者们,在英语学科的复习上边有一定的协助!恭祝2023研究生考试成功!

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