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您所在的位置: 南京文都考研 > 考研专业知识 > 考研英语 > 2023考研英语同源外刊1月文章:给小费会带来更好的服务吗?

2023考研英语同源外刊1月文章:给小费会带来更好的服务吗?

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2023考研英语同源外刊1月文章:给小费会带来更好的服务吗?

考研英语阅读的发展,离不了每日依照自身的時间,去看看一定量的英文报纸和杂志期刊。可是,有一些学生很有可能不清楚怎样找这种报刊和杂志期刊的內容。下边,我为2023研究生考试者们,梳理出——2023英语考研同源外刊1月文章内容:给小费会产生更佳的服务吗?供学生参照。

2023英语考研同源外刊1月文章内容:给小费会产生更佳的服务吗?

David Frank started working for tips when he was 11 years old, delighting restaurant diners in New York with his magic tricks. As a teenager he would make an average of $60-70 in an evening—not bad, but he wanted more. So he started reading research on tipping, and found a study showing that servers who left a sweet at the end of the meal could up their pay. He tried handing punters a playing card at the end of his act, hoping that the memento would persuade them to part with more cash. It worked.

大衛·弗兰克从11岁起就逐渐为挣小费而工作中,他在纽约的餐饮店里用魔术师取悦顾客。在十几岁的情况下,他一晚上均值能挣60-70美金,这尽管还不错,但他要想大量。因而,他阅读相关小费的科学研究,发现一项研究表明,在就餐完毕时留有甜品的服务员可以更改它们的薪水。他尝试在演出完毕时拿给消费者一张纸牌,期待这种纪念物能说动她们取出大量的现钱。那么做是有成效的。

Mr Frank’s findings confirmed the notion of the tip as a sort of reward for outstanding service. That may sound straightforward, but a follow-up study with Michael Lynn of Cornell University, where Mr Frank now happens to be a student, found an opportunity for some sleight of hand. They discovered that performing a magic trick at a table also increased the tips for the waiters and waitresses serving there, even though they had done absolutely nothing more than usual. Though tipping may seem like a simple economic transaction, by incentivizing people to perform extra well, it turns out to be anything but.

弗兰克的发现确认了小费是对优异服务的一种奖赏。这听起来很有可能非常简单,但在与宾夕法尼亚大学的麦克尔·林恩开展的一项后面科学研究中(弗兰克如今恰好是宾夕法尼亚大学的一名学员),他发现了一个自找麻烦的机遇。她们发现,在饭桌上演出魔术师也可以提升侍从的小费,虽然她们并没比平时做大量的事儿。尽管给小费看上去好像一种简易的经济发展买卖,但它能鼓励大家主要表现得更强,結果却并非这般。

For a start, economists are puzzled by the fact that so many people give tips, voluntarily handing out cash for a routine service, when it is assumed that customers generally want to pay as little as possible for what they buy. But fuzzier factors also seem to matter, like the feelings of gratitude that Mr Frank inspired. A survey in 2010 by Ofer Azar of Israel’s Ben-Gurion University of the Negev found that 85% of American tippers claimed to be following a social norm, while 60% said they tipped to avoid guilt.

***,经济师们对那样一个客观事实觉得疑惑:当大家觉得消费者通常期待为她们所订购的物品付款尽量少的花费时,却有那麼多的人给小费,自行为一项基本服务现金支付。但更模糊不清的要素好像也很重要,例如弗兰克老先生激起的感谢之情。非洲内盖夫本-古里安高校的奥费尔·阿扎尔在2010年开展的一项调研发现,85%的外国人表明给小费是遵循社会认知的,而60%的人表明她们给小费是为了防止愧疚。

 

英语单词

tip /tɪp/ n.小费;小账;

make for 促使;

delight /dɪˈlaɪt/ vt. 使开心;使愉快;使开心;

sweet /swiːt/ n. (饭后的)甜品,甜点;

up /ʌp/ vt. 提升…的价钱(或总数);

try doing sth. 试着做…;

hand /hænd/ vt.交;递;给;

punter/ˈpʌntər/ n. 消费者;顾客;

memento /məˈmentoʊ/ n. 纪念物;

part with… 舍弃,拿出;

work /wɜːrk/ vi. 见效;

confirm /kənˈfɜːrm/ vt. 确认,证实,确定;

notion /ˈnoʊʃn/ n.意识;信仰;了解;

straightforward/ˌstreɪtˈfɔːrwərd/ adj. 简易的;通俗易懂的;不繁杂的;

follow-up /ˈfɑːloʊ ʌp/ n. 后面行動;后面事情;

happen to do sth. 恰巧做某件事;

sleight /ˈslaɪt/ n.方法;

absolutely /ˈæbsəluːtli/ adv. (注重真正准确无误)肯定地,完全地;

transaction /trænˈzækʃn/ n. 买卖,业务流程;交易;

incentivize /ɪnˈsentɪvaɪz/ vt.鼓励;

turn out 原来是;证实是;結果是;

anything but 决不会;压根不;

be puzzled by 被…所蒙蔽;

routine /ruːˈtiːn/ adj. 基本的,常规的;

fuzzy/ˈfʌzi/ adj. 覆有毛绒的;毛绒绒的;模模糊糊的;迷糊的;含糊不清的;

gratitude/ˈɡrætɪtuːd/ n. 感谢之情;感激;

综上所述是得出的-2023英语考研同源外刊1月文章内容:给小费会产生更佳的服务吗?期待对2023研究生考试者们,在英语学科的复习上边有一定的协助!恭祝2023研究生考试成功!

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