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您所在的位置: 南京文都考研 > 考研专业知识 > 考研专业课 > 江苏文都:2023考研英语同源外刊12月文章:进击的水果

江苏文都:2023考研英语同源外刊12月文章:进击的水果

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江苏文都:2023考研英语同源外刊12月文章:进击的水果

英语考研的备考,必须学生很多阅读文章外刊文章内容。由于阅读和理解考试真题里边的文章内容,大多数喜爱用外刊。因而,要想扩宽英文知识层面和改进外语水平,大家必须培养每日抽一点時间来说的习惯性!下面,我为众多2023研究生考试学生们得出-英语考研同源外刊12月文章内容:进击吧的水果,供学生阅读文章。

2023英语考研同源外刊12月文章内容:进击吧的水果

Bananas, apples and avocados continue to ripen after they are picked. Cherries, blackberries and grapes do not. The difference between climacteric fruits (the former) and non-climacteric fruits (the latter) matters to fruit growers and greengrocers, who must make sure their wares are in tip-top condition when they arrive at the marketplace. But how those differences originally came about remains unclear.

香蕉苹果、iPhone和鄂梨在采收后会再次完善。大樱桃、黑莓和红提则要不然。跃变型水果(前面一种)和非跃变型水果(后者)中间的差异性对水果农业生产者和代理商而言很重要,她们需要保证它们的货品在抵达销售市场时处在较好情况。但这种差别最初是怎样造成的仍不清楚。

In a paper in Biology Letters, Fukano Yuya and Tachiki Yuuya of the University of Tokyo proffer a suggestion. Fruits, they observe, exist to solve a problem faced by all plants—how best to spread their progeny around.

在《生物学快报》的一篇毕业论文中,东京大学的深野佑哉和立树佑哉明确提出了一个思想观点。她们观查到,果子的存有是为了更好地处理全部绿植都面临着的一个问题——怎样不错地散播子孙后代。

Wrapping their seeds in a sugary pulp, to provide a tasty meal, serves as a way to get animals to do this for them. They do, however, need to make sure that their fruits favour the animals most likely to do the distributing. Dr Fukano and Dr Tachiki propose that climacterism, or its absence, is a way to achieve this.

将两者的种籽包囊在含糖量的果实里,给予美味的食物,是让动物们为他们撒播种籽的一种方法。但是,他们的确必须保证他们的果子有益于开展栽种的动物。深野佑哉和立树佑哉明确提出,跃变型果子是达到这一目的的一种方式。

If ground-dwelling animals are the main distributors, then the continuing ripening of fallen fruit (ie, climacterism) is beneficial. If, by contrast, those distributors are arboreal or aerial, and so can feed on unfallen fruit, then non-climacteric fruits will do well.

假如路面动物是具体的播种者,那麼掉果的不断完善(即跃变型)是有益健康的。比较之下,假如播种者关键在树上或上空,他们可以以未爆出的水果为食,那麼只需结非跃变型果子就可以。

To test their idea, the two researchers combed through 276 papers reporting on 80 sorts of fruit, and noted which animals each depended on for its propagation. Thirty-five of these fruits, they discovered, were eaten by both ground-dwelling animals and arboreal and aerial ones.

为了更好地认证这一念头,俩位科学研究工作人员整理了276篇相关80种水果的毕业论文,并强调每一种水果繁育所依靠的动物是什么。她们发觉,在其中35种水果与此同时被地栖动物、树栖动物和上空动物所服用。

But of those where one group or the other were the predominant consumers, 15 of the 19 eaten principally by ground dwellers were climacteric, while 21 of the 26 fed on by arboreal or aerial animals were non-climacteric.

但在这些以某一种类动物为关键顾客的动物中,19种关键被地栖动物服用的水果中有15种归属于跃变型,而26中关键被树栖或上空动物服用的水果中有21种归属于非跃变型。

That is a suggestively strong correlation. And the authors’ hypothesis is fortified by other evidence. They point out that non-climacteric fruits tend to have vivid colours, especially reds and purples.

这体现了一种较强的关联性。创作者的假定也取得了别的直接证据的适用。她们强调,非跃变型水果通常色调艳丽,特别是在以鲜红色和蓝紫色占多数。

This may help them stand out amid the foliage of their parent plants, advertising their presence. Climacteric fruits are generally better camouflaged. That makes them harder to spot until they have fallen to the ground.

这也许有利于他们在孕妈植物的叶子中出类拔萃,进而突显他们的存有。跃变型水果通常掩藏得更强。这促使他们在落地式以前难以被发觉。

The main limitation of their work, say Dr Fukano and Dr Tachiki, is that most of the papers they looked at concerned fruits eaten by people. This has probably contaminated the sample, for thousands of years of selective breeding for traits that human beings find appealing may have blurred any signal optimised by natural selection. The next step, therefore, should probably be to confine the analysis to wild fruits.

深野佑哉和立树佑哉说,此项探讨的关键局限取决于,她们科学研究的大部分毕业论文都和人们服用的水果相关。这也许会对科学研究导致影响,数千年来,人们会依据特性可选择性繁育,这很有可能早已模糊不清了一切根据自然选择学说提升的数据信号。因而,下一步很有可能会将科学研究范畴限于野生植物水果。

 

语汇:

climacteric [ˌklaɪmækˈterɪk] n. 女性更年期;大转折;呼吸跃变

progeny [ˈprɑːdʒəni] n. 子孙后代;后代;成效

camouflage [ˈkæməflɑːʒ] n. 掩藏,掩盖 v. 掩藏

contaminate [kənˈtæmɪneɪt] v. 环境污染;搞脏;危害

综上所述是-2023英语考研同源外刊12月文章内容:进击吧的水果,期待对复习2023研究生考试的小伙子们有一定的协助!恭祝学生2023研究生考试凯旋而归!


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